Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis: Know the different types of cannabis seeds

medical cannabisIn many cases the amateur growers who visit our page, ask us about the differences between cannabis seeds. Some of them don’t have a clear idea about the characteristics, properties and essentials of the different varieties. That’s why today we are going to talk about the basics of the three varieties of cannabis plants: Sativa, indica, and hybrids.


It was first classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The Sativa varieties where originated in equatorial countries such as Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Southeast Asia and since thousands of years ago are growing naturally without human intervention in a warm climate. Sativa plants are known to rise to great heights of up to 6 meters when grown outdoors, and also have a longer period of growth than other varieties. When the plant begins to flowering, the complete maturation is obtained between 10 and 16 weeks (sometimes even 20 weeks). With such long periods of development, these plants typically produce higher yields than those obtained with Indica varieties, although normally they have an average THC concentration lower than that of Indica. Sativa plants are known to have a strong “spicy” smell, with flavors ranging from sweet and fruity to an ochre, earthy taste. Most of Sativa’s varieties produce a stimulating and cerebral effect. These are the varieties that are most likely to produce euphoria, but also allow you to engage in deep conversations about the meaning of life. These strains are excellent for deep analysis and creativity, making Cannabis Sativa very popular among philosophers, scientists, artists and musicians. Some Sativa have the ability to increase your sensitivity to light and sounds, music, movies and the rest of your environment, becoming more dynamic, talkative and receptive. Sativa are particularly effective in treating mental and behavioral problems such as stress, anxiety, depression and ADHD.


Many years ago it was thought that the origin of these cannabis seeds would be in the zone of the Middle East, but its more probable origin is India (hence its name), and more concretely the famous mountain range of Hindu Kush, located between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The plants of the Cannabis Indica variety are thick and robust, and although they yield a lower yield of their cultivation, they are richer in THC than the Sativa varieties. Also the leaves of the plant are wider than the Sativa variety. Due to its limited height, Indica varieties are ideal for indoor growing. Flowering lasts 8 to 12 weeks. The flavors and odors of the Indica include: pine, spicy skunk, earthy, sweet and smooth fruit flavor. The effects produced by Indica strains are very relaxing and narcotic, usually with a strong lethargic effect on the body. The Indica varieties are perfect for spending the day on the couch watching TV or browsing the web. However most people use Cannabis Indica after a long day at work to relieve stress, relieve pain and help the body to fall asleep at night. The Indica are ideal for chronic pain, muscle spasms, anxiety, nausea, stimulation of appetite and lack of sleep. People with diseases such as multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, lupus, sleep apnea and insomnia can benefit greatly from the effects of the Cannabis Indica varieties.


One of the main problems that growers began to have in the 1960s was that Sativa varieties did not work very well for outdoor growing in cold climates. That is why the hybridization of the most popular Sativa varieties began with third family of cannabis from the Russian steppe: Cannabis Ruderalis. This type of plant resists the cold very well and grows spontaneously, even in winter, under climatic conditions in which neither the Sativa nor the Indica varieties flourish properly. The cannabis Ruderalis also has a particularity in its genetics due to its origin: It can flower in any time of the year, regardless of the hours of light. This genetic feature is known as autoflowering, and there are hundreds of Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis hybrids containing particular genomes of the third family, which can grow rapidly and are unaffected by the climate. In addition, nowadays almost all quality hybrids of this three families are usually feminized seeds, which guarantees their flowering in almost all cases. These auto-flowering hybrid strains are very resistant and are usually high in CBD. Their flowering time is only about seven or eight weeks, and they are easy to cultivate, which makes this cannabis seeds the ideal choice for a large number of growers.

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Never thought I'll become an enthusiastic smoker and an active promoter of the legalization "movement". I write for Private Seeds, sometimes on BuzzFeed and never for New York Times. I like traveling and I especially like to be where cannabis is legal. Soccer and especially Netherlands national team is my passion.